Setting up a development profile

You can have various Firefox profiles (think of something like "user accounts"), each one with different settings, addons, appearance, etc.

This page will guide you through configuring a new profile to enable development features such as additional logging, dumping of network packets, remote debugging, etc. which will help when working in DevTools.

Many of these changes are achieved by modifying preferences in about:config, a special page you can access by typing in about:config in Firefox's URL bar. The first time, it will show you a warning page. Click through or disable the warning for the future, and then you can start searching for preferences to modify.

(If you're curious, here's more information about about:config)

Create a permanent profile

We were using a temporary profile in the previous step, building DevTools. The contents of this profile are deleted each time the browser is closed, which means any preferences we set will not persist.

The solution is to create a permanent profile:

./mach run -P development

If this profile doesn't exist yet (quite likely), a window will open offering you options to create a new profile, and asking you for the name you want to use.

Create a new profile, and name it development. Then start Firefox by clicking on Start Nightly.

Next time you start Firefox with ./mach run -P development, the new profile will be automatically used, and settings will persist between browser launches.

It's now time to start contributing! 😃


Advanced settings

The following section describes how to enable additional development features; don't worry if you don't understand what some of these are or what they're for. Feel free to skip these if you're new; you probably don't need them yet.

Enable additional logging

You can change the value of these preferences by going to about:config:

Preference name Value Comments
browser.dom.window.dump.enabled true Adds global dump function to log strings to stdout
devtools.console.stdout.chrome true Allows console API to write to stdout when used by chrome content
devtools.console.stdout.content true Allows console API to write to stdout when used by content
devtools.debugger.log (*) true Dump packets sent over remote debugging protocol to stdout.
devtools.dump.emit (*) true Log event notifications from the EventEmitter class
(found at devtools/shared/event-emitter.js).

Preferences marked with a (*) also require browser.dom.window.dump.enabled in order to work. You might not want to enable all of those all the time, as they can cause the output to be way too verbose, but they might be useful if you're working on a server actor, for example.

Restart the browser to apply configuration changes.

Enable remote debugging and the Browser Toolbox

These settings allow you to use the browser toolbox to inspect the DevTools themselves, set breakpoints inside of DevTools code, and run the Scratchpad in the Browser environment.

Open DevTools, and click the "Toolbox Options" gear icon in the top right (the image underneath is outdated).

Make sure the following two options are checked:

  • Enable browser chrome and add-on debugging toolboxes
  • Enable remote debugging

Settings for developer tools - "Enable Chrome Debugging" and "Enable Remote Debugging"

In about:config, set devtools.debugger.prompt-connection to false.

This will get rid of the prompt displayed every time you open the browser toolbox.

Enable DevTools assertions

When assertions are enabled, assertion failures are fatal, log console warnings, and throw errors.

When assertions are not enabled, the assert function is a no-op.

It also enables the "debug" builds of certain third party libraries, such as React.

To enable assertions, add this to your mozconfig file:

ac_add_options --enable-debug-js-modules

And assert your own invariants like this:

const { assert } = require("devtools/shared/DevToolsUtils");
// ...
assert(1 + 1 === 2, "I really hope this is true...");

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